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Rejection of submicron sized particles from swimming pool water by a monolithic SiC microfiltration membrane: Relevance of steric and electrostatic interactions.(Report)

Skibinski, Bertram ; Muller, Pascal ; Uhl, Wolfgang

Journal of Membrane Science, Feb 1, 2016, Vol.499, p.92 [Rivista Peer Reviewed]

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  • Titolo:
    Rejection of submicron sized particles from swimming pool water by a monolithic SiC microfiltration membrane: Relevance of steric and electrostatic interactions.(Report)
  • Autore: Skibinski, Bertram ; Muller, Pascal ; Uhl, Wolfgang
  • Descrizione: Byline: Bertram Skibinski (a), Pascal Muller (a), Wolfgang Uhl [wolfgang.uhl@niva.no] (a,b,*) Keywords Ceramic membrane; Particle rejection; MS2 phages; SEM image processing; Swimming pool water Highlights * Surrogate challenge tests were carried out using a novel SiC MF membrane. * MS2 phages and microspheres were appropriate to surrogate relevant pathogenic viruses. * Physical sieving was predicted based on the pore size distribution of the membrane. * Organics and salts affect electrostatic properties and the rejection of surrogates. * Pore blockage increased the removal effectivity for large surrogates (~500 nm). Abstract The rejection of submicron sized particles from swimming pool water by a ceramic silicon carbide (SiC) microfiltration membrane in monolithic configuration was investigated and mechanisms elucidated. Physicochemical properties showed that the surrogates used in challenge tests (i.e. MS2 bacteriophages and 50--500 nm fluorescent microspheres) are adequate surrogates for viruses commonly found in pool water. The log-removal value (LRV) of the SiC membrane strongly depended on the size and electrostatic properties of the surrogates. Experiments with swimming pool water showed that organic matter and salts present in the pool water decreased the surface potential of the surrogates which in turn increased the LRV of the SiC membrane. Long-term experiments revealed, that the removal effectivity of the SiC membrane, over the course of a filtration cycle (~150 min), increased for large surrogates (500 nm microspheres), while the removal effectivity remained unchanged for small surrogates (MS2 phages). This effect was explained by progressive and permanent blockage of large mesopores (>500 nm) in the active membrane layer by particles present in the pool water. Author Affiliation: (a) Technische Universitat Dresden, Chair of Water Supply Engineering, 01062 Dresden, Germany (b) Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), 0349 Oslo, Norway * Corresponding author at: Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), 0349 Oslo, Norway. Tel.: +47 40106655. Article History: Received 27 May 2015; Revised 14 October 2015; Accepted 15 October 2015
  • Fa parte di: Journal of Membrane Science, Feb 1, 2016, Vol.499, p.92
  • Soggetti: Image Processing ; Silicon Carbides ; Swimming Pools ; Image Processing Equipment
  • Lingua: Inglese
  • Identificativo: ISSN: 0376-7388 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2015.10.033
  • Fonte: Cengage Learning, Inc.

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